Hispanic Heritage Month
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On September 15, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo heard bad news, the Spanish were coming for him. On the morning of the 16th, Hidalgo took to the pulpit in the town of Dolores and made a shocking announcement: he was taking up arms against the tyrannies of the Spanish government and his parishioners were all invited to join him. His famous speech became known as “El Grito de Dolores,” Or the “Cry of Dolores.” Within hours Hidalgo had an army: a large, unruly, poorly armed but resolute mob. Hidalgo led his army towards Mexico City.
Along the way they laid siege to the town of Guanajuato and fought off the Spanish defense at the Battle of Monte de las Cruces. By November he was at the gates of the city itself, with an angry army large enough to take it. Yet Hidalgo inexplicably retreated.
In January of 1811, Hidalgo was routed at the Battle of Calderon Bridge by a much smaller but better-trained Spanish army. Forced to flee, the rebel leaders were soon captured. Hidalgo was put to death in June of 1811. The peasant army had disbanded and it looked as if Spain had reasserted control over its unruly colony.
But such was not the case. One of Hidalgo’s captains, José María Morelos, took up the banner of independence and fought until his own capture and execution in 1815. He was in turn succeeded by his own Lieutenant, Vicente Guerrero and rebel leader Guadalupe Victoria, who fought for six more years until 1821, when they reached an agreement with turncoat Royal Officer Agustín de Iturbide which allowed for Mexico’s definitive liberation in September of 1821.
Some people mistakenly believe that Cinco de Mayo is Mexico’s independence day. That’s not correct: Cinco de Mayo actually celebrates the unlikely Mexican victory over the French at the Battle of Puebla in 1862.- Contributed by The Warriors Running Group
El Grito is celebrated on September 15th in Mexico at 11:00pm before the Independence festivities officially begin at midnight.
Today also marks the beginning of Hispanic Heritage Month which is a month long celebration honoring Hispanic history, culture, roots and individuals who have helped shape this U.S.
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This Thursday, Enjoy Latin cuisine and complimentary MillerCoors products while networking with professionals in business, education, government, health, media, non-profit & more. Link to register >> https://www.facebook.com/events/340935462729746/
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They will present interesting data from their latest report regarding the Latino community in Illinois. Please share and join! Wednesday 9/10th 8:30AM at UIC.
Ivis Garcia Zambrana is a PhD student in Urban Planning and Policy at UIC and a Research Assistant at the Voorhees Center. Before joining UIC’s PhD Program, she worked at various capacities as a planner. She holds dual master’s degrees from the University of New Mexico in Community and Regional Planning and Latin American Studies.
Dr. Maria de los Angeles Torres, Professor UIC/Executive Director at the Inter-University Program for Latino Research
María de Los Angeles Torres is director and professor of Latin American and Latino Studies at the University of Illinois in Chicago. She received her PhD from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She taught political science at DePaul University in Chicago from 1987 to 2005. She was a faculty Associate at Notre Dame’s Institute for Latino Studies, 2000-2001 and was a research fellow at Chapin Hall University of Chicago 2002.
She is author of two books, The Lost Apple: Operation Pedro Pan, Cuban Children in the US and the Promise of a Better Future. Boston, Mass: Beacon Press, 2004 and In the Land of Mirrors: The Politics of Cuban Exiles in the United States. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1999. She edited By Heart/De Memoria: Cuban Women’s Journeys in and Out of Exile. Philadelphia: Temple University, 2002 and co-edited, Borderless Borders: Latinos, Latin American and the Paradoxes of Interdependence. Philadelphia, Penn.: Temple University Press, spring 1998. She has also published on issues of diversity, “Democracy and Diversity: Expanding Notions of Citizenship,” in David W. Engstrom and Lisette M. Piedra eds. Our Diverse Society, Washington DC, NASW Publishers, 2006. She is a frequent contributor in the Chicago Tribune and other newspapers.
Currently she is a co-Principal Investigator for Youth Politics in the Age of Globalization, funded by Chapin Hall and the Kellogg Foundation and was Co-Pi for a National Science Research Foundation Project: Civic Engagement in Three Latino Neighborhoods. She was a UIC CIC fellow 2006-2007 and is a member of the Provost’s Advisory Committee on Diversity.